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杨尼斯·里索斯(1909-1990)诗四首  

2013-10-25 02:51:59|  分类: Teasy 星 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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希腊现代诗人杨尼斯·里索斯(1909-1990)诗四首

 

以下四首诗的英译本是Penguin Modern European Poets系列中的Yannis Ritsos: Selected Poems1974年版,207页)英译者是Nikos Stangos,我又参照了1989BOA版本的Yannis Ritsos: Selected Poems486页),英译者多人。

 

 

      Morning

 

She opened the shutters. She hung the sheets over the sill. She saw the day.

A bird looked at her straight in the eyes. 'I am alone,' she whispered.

'I am alive.' She entered the room. The mirror too is a window.

If I jump from it I will fall in my arms.

              Samos, August 1963

 

      早晨

她打开百叶窗。把床单摊在窗台上。她看到了白天。

一只鸟儿盯着她的眼睛。她低语道:“我孤孤单单一个人”。

她进入房间,“我是个鲜活的人啊”。镜子也是一扇窗户。

如果我跳出去,我就会跌入自己的怀中。

              19638月,Samos

 

       Noon

They undressed and jumped in the sea; three o’clock in the afternoon;

the cool water did not at all prevent their touching. The beach

gleamed as far as one could see,

dead, deserted, barren. The distant houses shut.

The world steamed gleaming. A horse cart

was moving out of sight at the end of the street. On the roof of the post-office

a flag hung at half mast. Who had died?

 

      中午

他们脱了衣裳,跳入海中;这是下午,三点钟;

凉凉的水并没能阻挡他们击水。极目之处,海滩闪着光,

死寂,无人,荒瘠。远处的房子关着。

世界蒸发着光。一辆马车

在街的尽头碾出了视野。邮局的屋顶上

一面旗子挂在旗杆的半截处。谁离开了人世?

 

 

     Afternoon

 

The afternoon is all fallen plaster, black stones, dried thorns.

The afternoon has a difficult color made of old footsteps left halfway,

made of old buried jugs in the yard, and on them tiredness and grass.

Two dead men, five dead men, twelve - how many, how many.

Each hour has its dead. Behind the windows

stand those missing and the pitcher with the water they didn't drink.

 

And that star that fell at the edge of the night

is like the cut off ear that doesn't hear the crickets

that doesn't hear our excuses - doesn't deign

to hear our songs - alone, alone,

alone, cut off, indifferent to condemnation or justification.

                1946-1947

 

     下午

下午满是落下的泥灰,黑石头,干荆棘。

下午有着独特的颜色,因为陈旧的脚步留在了半路

因为院子里埋着老水罐,它们上面长着疲倦和青草。

两个人被杀,五个,十二个——一个接一个,到底有多少。

每个钟头都有被杀。窗户之后

站着那些不见了的,还有水罐,里面装着他们没喝到的水。

 

而这颗星,这颗坠落在黑夜边际的星,

犹如被截去的耳朵,无法听到蟋蟀的鸣叫,

无法听到我们的说辞——不会屈尊

倾听我们的歌——独立,独行,

独自,与众隔绝,对一切责难或自辩毫无反应。

 

 

    Midnight

A great starry night showing its bare claws,

foreign footsteps stealing your sleep,

what is this shadow climbing on the ceiling

cutting the room in half?

 

Footsteps, a motorcycle, the trigger's sound -

the lantern through the windowpanes,

the cockroaches in the soldiers' shoes and helmets.

 

What's the use of the moon's compassion now?

Some have hidden in the trunks of the night,

some have entered the coffins and travel,

some have taken the cashier's keys and surrendered their earth,

and this dog that forgot us barks again at the moon,

awakens the sentries at the distant watchtowers,

the first explosion blows up the bridge,

then the doors creak, at the corner stands the squadron,

the street lamps fall face down and the train's whistling is heard

when all five roads are closed by the bayonets.

           Athens, October 1941

 

    午夜

恢弘的星夜展露出它的白爪,

异域的脚步盗走你的睡眠,

这阴影爬上了天花板,将房间

切成两半,它是什么?

 

脚步,摩托车,枪扳机的声音——

提灯照穿窗户玻璃,

蟑螂在士兵的鞋子和头盔中。

 

月亮的悲悯此刻有何意义?

有些人躲在黑夜的壕沟中,

有些人进入了棺材,旅行,

有些人拿走了账房的钥匙,交出土地,

而这条狗,忘了我们是谁,对着月亮吠叫,

惊醒了远处守望塔上的哨兵,

第一声爆炸端掉了那座桥,

然后是吱呀的门声,转角处站着一队兵,

街灯脸朝下直愣愣地扑倒,火车鸣笛后,

五条路都被刺刀封住。

         194110月雅典

 

附加从独白式长诗《月光奏鸣曲》中选出的最著名的几行: 

  Moonlight Sonata

      Yannis Ritsos (1909-1990)

……

I know that each one of us travel to love alone,

alone to faith and to death.

I know it. I’ve tried it. It doesn’t help.

Let me come with you.

……

 

月光奏鸣曲

      [希腊]杨尼斯·里索斯

……

我很清楚,每个人都独自走向爱,

独自走向信仰,独自走向死亡。

我很清楚。我也曾试过。无能为力。

让我和你一起走去。

……

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